Oshowski B, Zaitsoff D, Opik M, Hart MM. 2014. Where the wild things are? New Phytologist (doi: 10.1111/nph.12894).

Hart MM. 2014. The microbiota of plants. Botany, 92(4): v, 10.1139/cjb-2014-0050

Hart MM, Gorzelak M, Ragone D, Murch S. 2014. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal succession in a long lived perennial. Botany, 2014, 92(4): 313-320, 10.1139/cjb-2013-0185

Aleklett K, Hart MM, Shade A. 2014. The microbial ecology of flowers: an emerging frontier in phyllosphere research. Botany, 10.1139/cjb-2013-0166

Holland T, Bowen P, Bogdanoff C, Hart MM. 2014. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities associated with V. vinifera vines under different frequencies of irrigation. American Journal of Enology and Viticulture. In press.

Holland T, Bowen P, Bogdanoff C, Hart MM. 2013. How distinct are arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities associating with grapevines? Biology and Fertility of Soils DOI: 10. 1007/s00374-013-0887-2.


Aleklett KA and Hart MM. 2013. Plant and Soil. The root microbiota: a fingerprint in the soil? DOI: 10.1007/s11104-013-1647-7

Hart MM, Forsyth J, Oshowski B, Bucking H, Jansa J, Kiers ET. 2013. Hiding in a crowd—does diversity facilitate persistence of a low-quality fungal partner in the mycorrhizal symbiosis? Symbiosis 59:47-56DOI 10.1007/s13199-012-0197-8

Xing X , Ma X , Hart MM , Wang A, Guo S. 2013. Genetic Diversity and Evolution of Chinese Traditional Medicinal Fungus. PLOS One. E58807

Holland TC, Reynolds AG, Bowen PA, Bogdanoff CP, Marcinak M, Brown RB and Hart MM. 2013. The response of soil biota to water availability in vineyards. Pedobiologia 56: 9-14.


Ohsowski BM, Klironomos JN, Dunfield KE, Hart MM. The potential of soil amendments for restoring severely disturbed grasslands Applied Soil Ecology 60 (2012) 77– 83

Hart MM, Forsythe J. Using arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi to improve the nutrient quality of crops; nutritional benefits in addition to phosphorus. Scientia Horticulturae 148 (2012) 206–214

Gorzelak MA, Holland TC, Xing X, Hart MM. Molecular approaches for AM fungal community ecology: A primer. Journal of Microbiological Methods 90 (2012) 108–114

Antunes PM, Lehmann A, Hart MM, Baumecker M, Rillig M .Long-term effects of soil nutrient deficiency on arbuscular mycorrhizal communities. Functional Ecology 2012, 26, 532–540 doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2435.2011.01953.x


Xiaoke X, Jones M, Murch S, Ragone D and Hart M. Mutualism breakdown in breadfruit. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. doi:10.1098/rspb.2011.1550

Courtney K, Bainard LC, Sikes B, Koch AM, Maherali H, Klironomos JN and Hart, MM. Determining a minimum detection threshold in terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. Journal of Microbiological Methods 88 (2012) 14–18

Kiers ET, Duhamel M, Beesetty Y, Mensah JA, Franken O, Verbruggen E, Fellbaum CR, Kowalchuk GA, Hart MM, Bago A, Palmer TM, West, SA Vandenkoornhuyse P, Jansa J, Bücking H. 2011. Reciprocal rewards stabilize cooperation in the mycorrhizal symbiosis . Science 333:880-882.

Antunes, P.M., Franken, P., Schwarz, D., Rillig, M.C., Cosme, M., Scott, M. and Hart, M.M
Linking soil biodiversity and human health: do arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi make food more nutritious? Chapter 3 in Soil Ecology and Ecosystem Services, Ed. Diana Wall. Oxford University Press.


Bainard L, Klironomos JN, Hart M. 2010. Differential effect of sample preservation methods on plant and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal DNA. Journal of Microbiological Methods 82, 124-130.


Powell JR, Parrent JL, Hart MM, Klironomos JN, Rillig MC Maherali H. 2009. Phylogenetic trait conservatism and the evolution of functional tradeoffs in arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 276: 4237-4245.

Hart MM, Powell JR, Gulden RH, LevyBooth DJ, Dunfield KE, Pauls KP, Swanton CJ, Klironomos JN, Trevors JT. 2009. Detection of transgenic cp4 epsps genes in the soil food web . Agronomy for Sustainable Agriculture 29: 497-501

Hart MM, Powell JR, Gulden RH, Dunfield KE, Pauls KP, Swanton CJ, Klironomos JN, Antunes PM, Koch A, Trevors JT. 2009 The effect of glyphosate resistant corn and glyphosate on the numbers and diversity of denitrifying bacteria and soil fungi. Pedobiologia 52: 253-262.

Powell JR, Levy-Booth D, Gulden RH, Asbil WL, Campbell RG, Dunfield KE, Hamill AS, Hart MM, Lerat S, Nurse RE, Pauls KP, Sikkema PH, Swanton CJ, Trevors JT, and Klironomos JN. 2009. Effects of genetically-modified, herbicide-tolerant crops and their management on soil food web properties and crop litter decomposition. Journal of Applied Ecology 46: 388-396.

Antunes PM, Koch AM, Dunfield KE, Hart MM, Klironomos JN. 2009. Community responses of native arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi to the introduction of foreign AM fungal inoculum. Plant and soil 317: 257-266.


Powell JR, Campbell, Dunfield, Gulden, Hart MM, Levy Booth, Klironomos, Pauls, Swanton, Trevors, Antunes. 2008. Effect of glyphosate on the tripartite symbiosis formed by Glomus intraradices Bradyrhizum japonicum and genetically modified soybean. Applied Soil Ecology 41: 128-136.
Levy-Booth DJ, Campbell RG, Gulden RH Hart MM Powell JR Klironomos JN Pauls KP, Swanton CJ, Trevors JT Dunfield KE. 2008. Roundup Ready® soybean gene concentrations in soil aggregate size classes. Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry 56: 6339-6347.

Powell, J.T., Lerat, S., Gulden, R.H., Hart, M.M., Trevors, J.T., Pauls, K.P., Klironomos, J.N., Swanton, C.J. 2007. Mycorrhizal and Rhizobial Colonization of Genetically Modified and Conventional Soybeans. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 73: 4365-4367.

Lerat, S., Gulden, R.H., Hart, M.M., Powell, J.T., Trevors, J.T., Pauls, K.P., Klironomos, J.N., Swanton, C.J. 2007. Quantification and persistence of recombinant DNA of Roundup Ready corn and soybean in rotation. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 55: 10226-10231.

Gulden, R.H., Levy Booth DJ, Campbell R, Powell JT, Hart, M.M., Dunfield K, Trevors, J.T., Pauls, K.P., Klironomos, J.N., Swanton, C.J. 2007. An empirical approach to target DNA quantification in environmental samples using real-time polymerase chain reactions. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 39: 1956-1967.

Levy-Booth, DJ, Campbell, RG, Gulden, RH, Hart, MM, Powell, JR, Klironomos, JN, Pauls, KP, Swanton, CJ, Trevors, JT, Dunfield, KE. 2007. Cycling of extracellular DNA in the soil environment. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 39: 2977-2991.


Pokorny, N., M.M. Hart, L. Storey, J. Boulter, H. Lee and J.T. Trevors. 2006. Hypobaric bacteriology: growth, cytoplasmic membrane polarization and total cellular fatty acids responses of Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis. International Journal of Astrobiology 4: 187-193.


Hart M.M. and Trevors, J.T. 2005. The practical application of mycorrhizas, what are we waiting for? Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 3: 533-539.

Saleh-Lakha, S., Miller, M., Campbell, R.G., Schneider, K., Elahimanesh, P., Hart, M.M, Trevors, J.T. 2005. Microbial gene expression in soil: methods, applications and challenges. Journal of Microbiological Methods 63: 1-19.

Gulden, R.H., Lerat, S., Hart, M.M., Powell, J.T., Trevors, J.T., Pauls, K.P., Klironomos, J.N., Swanton, C.J. 2005. Quantitation of transgenic plant DNA in leachate water: real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 53: 5858-5865.

Hart, M.M., Reader, R.J. Early colonization events in the external mycelium for three species of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi with different colonization strategies. Pedobiologia 49: 269-279.

Hart, M.M. 2005. DIY Mycology. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 20: 283-284.


Hart, M.M. and Reader, R.J. 2004. Do arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi recover from disturbance differently? Tropical Ecology 45: 97-111.

Kirk, J.L., Beaudette, L.A., Hart, M., Moutoglis, P., Klironomos, J., Lee, H. and Trevors, J.T. 2004. Methods of studying soil microbial diversity. Journal of Microbiological Methods 58: 169-188.


Hart, M.M. and Reader, R.J. 2003. Ergosterol and mycorrhizal fungi – the way forward? New Phytologist 159: 536-537.

Hart, M.M., Reader, R.J. and Klironomos, J.N. 2003. Plant coexistence mediated by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Trends in Evolution and Ecology 18: 418-423.


Hogg, E., Hart, M.M. and Lieffers, V.J. 2002. White tree rings formed in young trembling aspens (Populus tremuloides Michx.) following experimental defoliation. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 32: 1929-1934.

Hart, M.M. and Reader, R.J. 2002. Host plant benefit from association with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi: variation due to differences in size of mycelium. Biology and Fertility of Soils 36: 357-366.

Hart, M.M. and Reader, R.J. 2002. Is percent root colonization a good measure of colonization for all arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi? Mycorrhiza 12: 297-301.

Klironomos, J.N. and Hart, M.M. 2002. Colonization of roots by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus using different sources of inoculum. Mycorrhiza 12: 181-184.

Hart, M.M. and Reader, R.J. 2002. Taxonomic basis for variation in the colonization strategy of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. New Phytologist 153: 335-344.

Hart, M.M. and Klironomos, J.N. 2002. Diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and ecosystem functioning. In: M.G.A. van der Heijden and I. Sanders (Eds.) Mycorrhizal Ecology. Ecological Studies, Vol. 157. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. Pg 225-242.


Klironomos, J.N., Hart, M.M., Gurney, J. and Moutoglis, P. 2001. Interspecific differences in the tolerance of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi to freezing and drying. Canadian Journal of Botany 79: 1161-1166.

Hart, M.M., Reader, R.J. and Klironomos, J.N. 2001. Life-history strategies of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in relation to their successional dynamics. Mycologia. 83: 1184-1196.

Klironomos, J.N. and Hart, M.M. 2001. Animal nitrogen swap for plant carbon. Nature 410: 651-652.


Klironomos, J.N., McCune, J., Hart, M.M. and Neville, J. 2000. The influence of arbuscular mycorrhizae on the relationship between plant diversity and productivity. Ecology Letters 3: 137-141.

Hart, M.M., Hogg, T., and V.L. Lieffers. 2000. Enhanced water relations in residual foliage following defoliation in Populus tremuloides. Canadian Journal of Botany 78: 583-590.